A gene recently isolated from a Tanzanian farmers’ variety of sorghum may yield tremendous pros for multinational companies and government researchers in the United States and Brazil.
Called SbMATE, it is not only useful in sorghum; but also may be used in other crops, including genetically engineered (GE) maize, wheat, and rice as well as GE tree plantations. Government researchers from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) and the Texas A&M University (US) have patented the gene in the US.
They have also led an international patent application in which they state that they will seek patents on the Tanzanian gene across the world, including in Africa. The commercial potential of the gene is strong. Although it was only recently identifed, the giant multinational Dow Chemical is already negotiating with the US government to license it. Japan’s second-largest paper products company has also expressed interest in buying access to it.