GMOs

GMOs

Sugarcane with altered sugar metabolism & new promotor elements (SARSI) / SARSI

Sugarcane with altered sugar metabolism & new promotor elements (SARSI) / SARSI
Objection To The Application By Sasri In Respect Of A Trial With Gm Sugarcane, To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa.
African Centre for Biosafety, June 2005

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SCIENTIFIC ASSESSMENT
BACKGROUND

Application by SASRI and Available Information

An application has been made by the South African Sugarcane Research Institute (SASRI) to conduct a trial with genetically modified sugarcane (The North Coast Courier May 13 2005). According to the public notice, several independent modifications, falling into two categories, are being investigated:

1. To determine sucrose yields in mature plants: endogenous enzymes (phosphofructokinase, aldolase, fructose 2,6-bisphosphate) of sugarcane plants of cultivars 88H0019, N19, N27 and N31, NCo310, have been up- or downregulated. For the purposes of the following discussion, these are hereinafter collectively referred to as T1 modifications.

2. To establish whether promoter elements isolated from sugarcane can be used to target gene expression to specific regions of the plant: sugarcane plants, cultivar NCo310, have been transformed with novel promoter elements and a reporter gene b-glucuronidase (GUS) from E.coli. For the purposes of the following discussion, these are hereinafter collectively referred to as T2 modifications

BT-Maize MIR 604 / SYNGENTA

SUBMISSION OF OBJECTIONS BY THE AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY (ACB)
  • Objection To The Application By Syngenta For Commodity Clearance Of Syngenta Mir604 Maize To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa
    African Centre for Biosafety, 27 May 2005
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OVERVIEW
SUMMARY OF ISSUES RAISED IN OBJECTION

The discussion below details our concerns against the possible granting of a permit to Syngenta for the commodity clearance of MIR604 maize against the background of both scientific and historical evidence that points to the need for more rigorous testing of the event in question.

In summary our concerns are:

  • The safety approval sought by Syngenta in respect of genetically modified (GM) maize MIR 604, still subject to field tests in the US, appears to be in conflict with the principles and provisions of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to which South Africa is a Party, because the Protocol applies to real situations of cross border trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and not to speculative trade in respect of non- existent GMOs.
  • The currently applied techniques for the genetic modification of higher plants is imprecise and exposes consumers to powerful promoters usually of non-food origin to which

Bt-Maize Herculex Xtra / Pioneer HiBred & Dow Agrosciences

Objections To The Application Made By Pioneer Hibred Rsa And Dow Agroscience Southern Africa For Commodity Clearance Of Grain And Derived Products From 1507×59122 Maize (herculex Xtra) To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa

African Centre for Biosafety, 18 April 2005

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OVERVIEW
SCIENTIFIC ASSESSMENT

The scientific assessment is based on the information provided as part of the notifier application. The information provided for comment within a period of five days is in excess of 1000 pages comprising largely technical scientific data. The information provided is only that deemed unclassified. Notwithstanding this volume of information, there appear to be several omissions or references to previous applications. The section on toxicity of foreign gene products to humans and animals (page 17), for example, states that a ‘very detailed evaluation of the potential toxicity to humans and animals of the Cry1F, Cry34Ab1, Cry35Ab1 and PAT proteins expressed in 1507 maize and 59122′ was included in the respective applications. As a result, this information is not included in this application. A great deal of the information relating to the digestion assays was obtained from other researchers who have had sight of this data.

Bt-Maize 59122 / Pioneer HiBred & Dow Agrosciences

SUBMISSION OF OBJECTIONS BY THE AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY (ACB) and Friends of the Earth U.S.

Objections To The Application Made By Pioneer Hibred Rsa And Dow Agroscience Southern Africa For Commodity Clearance Of Genetically Modified Organisms, Specifically 59122 Maize To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa
African Centre for Biosafety, 8 March 2005

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Comments On The Application By Pioneer Hi-bred Rsa And Dow Agroscience Southern Africa For Commodity Clearance Of Genetically Modified 59122 Maize To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa
Friends of the Earth U.S., 9 March 2005

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OVERVIEW
SUMMARY OF LEGAL ISSUES
1. EC TO UPHOLD RIGHT TO SAFE FOOD; REFUSE APPLICATION BASED ON PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE

It is our submission, taking into account our scientific assessment; the Executive Council will flout the constitutionally protected rights of South Africans to safe food if it were to grant a safety approval for Pioneer/Dow’s Herculex RW GM maize. Indeed, the Department of Health, who plays an oversight role on the Executive Council in terms of the GMO Act, has on obligation to safeguard the consumer from foodstuffs that are harmful or injurious to human health and ensure a science-based and

Pioneer Hi-Bred, Dow Agrosciences wants SA to approve risky GM maize

During January 2005, Pioneer Hi-Bred RSA (Pty) Ltd and Dow Agrosciences Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd applied to the Executive Council and the Registrar: GMO Act, for a food and feed safety approval for its GM maize HerculexT RW. This GM maize variety is not currently grown commercially anywhere in the world; and is under investigation in the USA by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) because of food safety concerns.

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Sugarcane with a bacteriozide protein & Bt-Sugarcane / SARSI

Sugarcane with a bacteriozide protein & Bt-Sugarcane / SARSI

SUBMISSION OF OBJECTIONS BY THE AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY (ACB)

Objections to the Applications made by the South African Sugar Research Institute (SASRI) in Respect of Permits for Activities with GMOs, Specifically Sugarcane, to the National Department of Agriculture in South Africa
African Centre for Biosafety, February 2005

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PRESS RELEASE: Bayer, Monsanto vie for South Africa‘s Sugar Cane
African Centre for Biosafety & Earthlife Africa, Ethekwini Branch, 18 February 2005

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OVERVIEW

A legal and scientific assessment was made of the information obtained from the National Department of Agriculture in terms of the Public Access to Information Act (PAIA). The legal objections centre around concerns that that Bayer Cropscience is bankrolling the South African Association-Sugarcane Research Institute field trials and hopes to make inroads here because lax biosafety legislation and political climate that favours the interests of multinational corporations. The EC has a statutory duty to protect the environment and not promote the interests of gene giants. The information supplied by the applicant is very scant does not allow for a full and fair public participatory process. Further, we contend that EC has failed

Monsanto

Monsanto and Genetic Modification in South Africa Facts For South African Consumers – Feb 2006
African Centre for Biosafety

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Factsheet: Who Benefits From Gm Crops? Monsanto and the Corporatedriven Genetically Modified Crop Revolution- Jan 2006
Friends of the Earth International

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A Profile Of Monsanto In South Africa – Apr 2005
Mariam Mayet

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Dow Agrosciences field trials of GM maize blocked

The African Centre for Biosafety (ACB) has today learned that its objections, launched exactly 7 months ago, strenuously resisting DOW Agrosciencs application to field test its GM maize event TC 1507, have been successful.

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A glimpse through the crack in the door: South Africa’s permitting system for GMOs

During 2004, the African Centre for Biosafety (ACB) spent a considerable amount of time monitoring the South African permitting system for genetically modified organisms (GMOs). In the course of its work, it lodged comprehensive objections to numerous applications for the import, marketing and field- testing of GMOs.
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