Tag Archive: Bt Maize

Monsanto’s failed SA GM Maize pushed into rest of Africa

Today the African Centre for Biosafety (ACB) released a new report ?Africa bullied to grow defective Bt Maize: the failure of Monsanto?s MON810 maize in South Africa?i, showing how Monsanto?s GM maize, which utterly failed in SA, is now being foisted on the rest of the continent, through ?sleight of hand?.

Independent scientists have shown that Monsanto?s GM maize variety, MON810 ? which has been growing in SA for 15 years ? has completely failed due to the development of massive insect resistance, leading to the GM maize being withdrawn from the SA market. Monsanto has compensated farmers who were forced to spray their crops with pesticides to control the pests, calling into serious question the very rationale for GM crops.

According to the Director of the ACB, Mariam Mayet, ?Monsanto got the science completely wrong on this one. Independent biosafety scientists have discovered that the inheritance of resistance in African stem borers is a dominant, not recessive, trait as erroneously assumed. Hence the insect resistance management strategies that Monsanto developed, and accepted by our regulators, based on these erroneous assumptions, were utterly ineffective.?

Undeterred, Monsanto is now pushing its flop GM maize onto the rest of the continent. According

Africa bullied to grow defective BT Maize: the failure of Monsanto’s M810 maize in South Africa

The African Centre for Biosafety (ACB) has released a new report ‘Africa bullied to grow defective Bt Maize: the failure of Monsanto’s MON810 maize in South Africa,’ showing how Monsanto’s GM maize which utterly failed in SA, is now being foisted on the rest of the continent, through ‘sleight of hand.’

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Objections on Syngenta GM Maize GA21 and Bt11 x GA21

The African Centre for Biosafety has in the past (September 2004) submitted substantial objections to an application by Syngenta Seed Company in respect of an application for field trials involving its GM maize, GA21 (www.biosafetyafrica.net). These objections are already on record with the office of the Registrar: Genetically Modified Organisms Act, and ask that these be considered together with this objection. These prior objections set out substantial and comprehensive scientific and legal grounds upon which our objections are founded and we no not believe that it is necessary to set these out here again.

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BT- Maize 11 x GA 21 Syngenta

1 . On the 28 March 2006, Syngenta Co, advertised in the Sowetan, its intention to seek approval from the South African National Department of Agriculture (NDA) it will seek approval for the following:

(a) A commodity clearance approval which will enable the import into South
Africa, of stacked GM maize events, Bt11x GA21; and

(b) Approval to enable it to conduct field trials of stacked GM event
Bt11xGA21, in the following areas in South Africa: Brits, Delmas, Greytown,
Klerksdrop, and Potchefstroom.

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Bt-Maize 1507 x 59122 x NK 603 / Dow Agrosciences

SUBMISSION OF OBJECTIONS BY THE AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY (ACB)
OBJECTION TO APPLICATION BY DOW AGROSCIENCES TRIPLE STACKED GM MAIZE, EVENTS, 1507 x NK603 x 59199.

African Centre for Biosafety, Jan 2006

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OVERVIEW

The African Centre for Biosafety (ACB) has to date, lodged objections to the following applications by Dow Agrosciences for commodity import clearance:

GM Maize event 59122
GM Maize event 59122xTC 1507
– GM Maize event 59122x NK603

We will thus not repeat the grounds upon which we have based our comprehensive objections, but reiterate them here, and request that the Executive Council take these into account in considering this application. For more details on those three GM maize events read the respective pages on this web site.

FURTHER GROUNDS FOR OUT OF HAND REJECTION

  • GM 59122 NOT YET APPROVED IN USA/NOT BEING GROWN IN USA

    We are utterly amazed that Dow Agrosciences is persisting in seeking regulatory approval for the current GM maize event 1507x 59122 x NK 603, in the light that the cry genes Bt Cry34Ab1/Cry35Ab1 used in event 59122 have not yet been registered by the Environment Protection Authority in the USA. According to information

Bt-Maize MON89034 and MON89597 / Monsanto

SUBMISSION OF OBJECTIONS BY THE AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY (ACB)
  • Objections To The Application Made By Monsanto South Africa For A Permit For A Trial Release Of Mon89034 And Mon89597
    African Centre for Biosafety, 01 Oct 2005
OVERVIEW
DEVELOPER (MONSANTO) APPLICATION: AVAILABLE INFORMATION

The dossier supplied by Monsanto is designated Non Confidential Business Information (Non-CBI). Any response to developers of genetically modified foods is based on a system of gathering information from several sources. This includes engaging scientists and individuals that have similar concerns regarding the introduction of genetically modified foods and who keep track of the different events. Further it includes accessing online government resources of different countries to monitor applications and their progress in those countries and also accessing developer and other web sites (consumer groups, farmers, environmental organisations) to gather information on the events in question. On the basis of this information and coupled with our understanding of the South African situation and legislation a response is formulated to the developer highlighting our concerns. It is instructive that a search on the internet across several search engines for both these events has not yielded a single result. Further, none of the individuals or organisations whom we

BT-Maize MIR 604 / SYNGENTA

SUBMISSION OF OBJECTIONS BY THE AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY (ACB)
  • Objection To The Application By Syngenta For Commodity Clearance Of Syngenta Mir604 Maize To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa
    African Centre for Biosafety, 27 May 2005
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OVERVIEW
SUMMARY OF ISSUES RAISED IN OBJECTION

The discussion below details our concerns against the possible granting of a permit to Syngenta for the commodity clearance of MIR604 maize against the background of both scientific and historical evidence that points to the need for more rigorous testing of the event in question.

In summary our concerns are:

  • The safety approval sought by Syngenta in respect of genetically modified (GM) maize MIR 604, still subject to field tests in the US, appears to be in conflict with the principles and provisions of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to which South Africa is a Party, because the Protocol applies to real situations of cross border trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and not to speculative trade in respect of non- existent GMOs.
  • The currently applied techniques for the genetic modification of higher plants is imprecise and exposes consumers to powerful promoters usually of non-food origin to which

Bt-Maize Herculex Xtra / Pioneer HiBred & Dow Agrosciences

Objections To The Application Made By Pioneer Hibred Rsa And Dow Agroscience Southern Africa For Commodity Clearance Of Grain And Derived Products From 1507×59122 Maize (herculex Xtra) To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa

African Centre for Biosafety, 18 April 2005

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OVERVIEW
SCIENTIFIC ASSESSMENT

The scientific assessment is based on the information provided as part of the notifier application. The information provided for comment within a period of five days is in excess of 1000 pages comprising largely technical scientific data. The information provided is only that deemed unclassified. Notwithstanding this volume of information, there appear to be several omissions or references to previous applications. The section on toxicity of foreign gene products to humans and animals (page 17), for example, states that a ‘very detailed evaluation of the potential toxicity to humans and animals of the Cry1F, Cry34Ab1, Cry35Ab1 and PAT proteins expressed in 1507 maize and 59122′ was included in the respective applications. As a result, this information is not included in this application. A great deal of the information relating to the digestion assays was obtained from other researchers who have had sight of this data.

Bt-Maize 59122 / Pioneer HiBred & Dow Agrosciences

SUBMISSION OF OBJECTIONS BY THE AFRICAN CENTRE FOR BIOSAFETY (ACB) and Friends of the Earth U.S.

Objections To The Application Made By Pioneer Hibred Rsa And Dow Agroscience Southern Africa For Commodity Clearance Of Genetically Modified Organisms, Specifically 59122 Maize To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa
African Centre for Biosafety, 8 March 2005

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Comments On The Application By Pioneer Hi-bred Rsa And Dow Agroscience Southern Africa For Commodity Clearance Of Genetically Modified 59122 Maize To The National Department Of Agriculture, South Africa
Friends of the Earth U.S., 9 March 2005

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OVERVIEW
SUMMARY OF LEGAL ISSUES
1. EC TO UPHOLD RIGHT TO SAFE FOOD; REFUSE APPLICATION BASED ON PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE

It is our submission, taking into account our scientific assessment; the Executive Council will flout the constitutionally protected rights of South Africans to safe food if it were to grant a safety approval for Pioneer/Dow’s Herculex RW GM maize. Indeed, the Department of Health, who plays an oversight role on the Executive Council in terms of the GMO Act, has on obligation to safeguard the consumer from foodstuffs that are harmful or injurious to human health and ensure a science-based and